The Types Of Yoga

The Types Of Yoga

The time period "yoga" is applied to an assortment of practices and methods that also embody Hindu, Jain and Buddhist practices. In Hinduism these practices include Jnana Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Laya Yoga and Hatha Yoga.

Ashtanga Yoga

Yoga Sutras of Pantajali, which are the oldest identified written compilation about yoga, embrace the Raja Yoga or the Ashtanga Yoga, (the eight limbs to be practiced to realize Samadhello). The ultimate purpose of the yoga practice is to obtain Samadhello or unity of the individual self with the Supreme Being. Patanjali states that one can obtain this supreme union by elimination the 'vruttis' or the totally different modifications of the mind. The mind can in flip be controlled by proper discipline and training of the body. The Yoga-Sutra of Patanjali comprise of:

Yama: Social restraints or moral values for living. They embody: Ahimsa (Non-violence), Satya (truthfulness) Asteya (non-stealing), Brahmacharya (celibacy, constancy to at least one's companion) and Aparigraha (non-possessiveness).

Niyama - They include the personal observances of - Sauca (readability of thoughts, speech and body), Santosha (contentment), Tapas (perseverance). Svadhyaya (study of self, self-reflection, research of Vedas), and Ishvara-Pranidhana (contemplation of God/Supreme Being/True Self)

Asana: Actually means "seat", and in Patanjali's Sutras refers back to the seated position used for meditation.

Pranayama -Prana, breath, "ayama", to restrain or cease i.e., regulation of breath

Pratyahara - Withdrawal of the sense in preparation to meditation.

Dharana - Concentration

Dhyana - Meditation.

Samadhi - Liberating one's body to realize ecstasy.
Moreover, Patanjali has recognized some basic obstacles that do not enable the mind from working towards yoga. He has divided them into 2 courses:

Antarayas (intruders in the path of yoga)

Viksepasahabhuvah (co-current with psychological distraction)
There are 9 Antarayas:

Vyadhello (physical illness) - If a body is suffering from some disease, it must be cured and restored to a healthy state. Disease causes disorder of the thoughts and makes it tough to practice yoga or any other form of physical self-discipline

Styana (psychological laziness) - The human desire to reap the fruits of motion with none effort shouldn't be conducive to mental health. Strong will energy needs to be employed to dispose of this ailment.

Samshaya (doubt) - Faith is the one cure to dispel all arising doubts.

Pramada (heedlessness) - If one is oblivious to cultivate virtues, Yoga cannot be practiced.

Alasya (physical laziness) - Involving in healthy activities helps overcome this laziness

Avirati (detachment) - The mind must be detached from materials objects to achieve Yoga

Bhrantidarsana (false perception) - leads to self-conceit and needs to be saved away.

Alabdha- bhumikatva (non-attainment of yogic states) - Recognizing the evil traits in our personality and banishing them would help in the long run

Anavasthitatva (falling away from yogic states attained)
There are 4 Viksepasahabhuvah

Dukha - sorrow and struggling inflicting the human mind.

Daurmanasya - disappointment as a consequence of non-fulfillment of wishes and ambition.

Angamejayatva - relaxationlessness of the limbs on account of psychological agitation.

Shvasa and prashvasa - pressured inhalation and exhalation. Controlled respiration or a balance in breathing exerts a relaxing affect within the mind.
Patanjali states that these impediments may be eliminated by means of meditation and devotion to God; which can pave the way in which for self-realization.

Vashishta Yoga:

Yoga Vashishta is meant to have been disclosed by the Vedic sage, Vashishta to his royal disciple Lord Rama, who is claimed to be a reincarnation of Lord Vishnu. Yoga Vashishta comprises of 32000 shlokas. On this scripture, sage Vashishta explains the teachings of Vedanta in type of stories to Lord Rama. He teaches him concerning the deceptive nature of the world, teaches him the most effective means to realize wisdom and happiness thus showing him the path leading to the supreme spirit.

Kundalini Yoga (Laya Yoga):

This type of yoga was first launched in The Yoga- Kundalini Upanishad in the first half of seventeenth century. Kundalini yoga is the yoga of consciousness. Kundalini is primal energy or Shakti, which lies dormant and is coiled at the base of the spine like a serpent. It is the energy of consciousness and awareness in any human form. Kundalini yoga is supposed to awaken the sleeping Kundalini Shakti from its coiled position at the spinal base by a collection of 6 chakras, and penetrate the 7th chakra, or the crown. The aim of this form of yoga by way of each day practice of kriyas and meditation in sadhana is said to be a sensible expertise of human consciousness to attain their final creative potential. Working towards this Kundalini Yoga usually, leads one to be liberated from one's Karma and to realize their goal in life (Dharma).